Just a few words concerning the Studio’s Self-Defense policy.
We seek peaceful means to resolve conflicts.
Success in self-defense is not winning a fight, but avoiding it in the first place.
Remember the following continuum:
If you can’t prevent it, avoid it.
If you can’t avoid it, defuse it.
If you can’t defuse it, escape.
If you can’t escape, you may have to defend yourself .
If you do have to defend yourself, it will always be as a last resort, and only under the direct threat of physical harm, countering with the least amount of force necessary to subdue the attacker.
(A highly trained person can use joint/locks and takedowns to control the attacker with no lasting damage.)